Friday, April 10, 2015

The Split Annuity. Why?

What is a split annuity?
An annuity is a contract purchased from an insurance company that can be used to
accumulate money on a tax-deferred basis for retirement and/or to convert retirement
assets into a stream of income. A split annuity isn't really one annuity, but a combination
of two or more annuities funded with a single sum of money. A portion of the money is placed in an immediate annuity that
makes a fixed payment to you for a fixed period of time, such as ten years. The balance of the money is invested in a
fixed-interest deferred annuity, which accrues sufficient interest to equal the beginning sum used to fund both annuities by the
time the immediate annuity payments stop. The amount of income you receive depends on the amount of money paid into
each annuity, and the terms and interest rates applicable to each contract.

Benefits of a split annuity.

Fixed income--The immediate annuity makes fixed payments to
you for a fixed period of time, regardless of changing interest rates
or stock market fluctuations.
Possible tax-advantaged payments--The tax code treats
payments received as an annuity as being divided into two
parts: a nontaxable portion that represents the return of premiums
paid into the annuity, and a taxable portion that corresponds to the
earnings in the annuity. As a result, only a portion (i.e., the
earnings) of each payment is included in your gross income. The
remainder is a return of principal and not taxed.
Tax-deferred accumulations--The earnings on a fixed-interest
deferred annuity (i.e., the interest earned on your money) are tax
deferred until withdrawn. Unlike most taxable investments, you pay
no taxes on your annuity earnings until you begin to take payments
or receive income. Income tax deferral allows your money to potentially grow faster than in a taxable account, because
earnings that otherwise would be subject to taxes are available for growth.
Flexibility--The fixed-interest deferred annuity can provide a new income stream at its maturity. Also, most fixed-interest
deferred annuities allow you to withdraw a portion of the annuity's cash value without penalty. This option provides you with
access to additional money should you need it in addition to the immediate annuity payments.
Return of principal--At the end of the immediate annuity payout period, the fixed-interest deferred
annuity is worth the original amount of your investment in both annuities. At that time, you can use
the money from the fixed-interest deferred annuity however you wish, including another split

Split Annuity Uses.

While the split annuity concept is not the only alternative for pursuing a particular financial objective,
it may be useful in a number of situations.
Dependable income and savings--Many people, especially retirees, want a dependable income
coupled with preservation of retirement funds. The split annuity concept may offer a means to both
objectives. Not only does the immediate annuity pay a fixed income for a fixed period of time, but a
portion of each payment received from the immediate annuity may not be subject to income tax
because it is considered a return of premium. Immediate annuity payments are fixed and don't fluctuate during the payout
period, regardless of changing interest rates. Moreover, the deferred annuity part of the concept offers a fixed interest rate on
that portion of the money allocated to it. Most deferred annuities also allow for a portion of the account value to be withdrawn
without penalty, so if you need more money in addition to the immediate annuity payments, you can withdraw it from the
deferred annuity.
For retirement plan income--Say your only retirement income is Social Security. You have savings but you're concerned that
if you take out too much, you may run out too soon. The split annuity can provide a steady source of income without
exhausting your principal. It's also flexible enough that if you need more income, you can take some from the fixed-interest
deferred annuity (subject to early withdrawal penalties). At the end of the fixed income period, you can reevaluate your
finances and determine whether you need more, less, or the same income, and adjust accordingly.
Bridge the gap between retirement and Social Security--You have some savings in the bank and you want to retire, but
you don't want to (or are too young to) apply for Social Security retirement benefits. The income payments from the immediate
annuity part of the split annuity concept may provide the income you want between retirement and Social Security. The
fixed-interest deferred annuity preserves your principal by earning interest on the money you apportion to it. When you're
ready to begin receiving Social Security retirement benefits, the fixed interest deferred annuity will have earned enough
interest to equal your original principal investment.